Preparing for the Forever Home

author  R.H. Schmidt            NewWalden RagaMuffins

I was asked recently, “Tell me, how do you prepare a RagaMuffin for their ‘Forever Home’.” So, it got me to thinking about my procedure. I have raised cats all my life, and I have worked with them for so long, that I don’t give it another thought. It is automatic like driving a car. However, in thinking it over, I decided to dissect my method and procedure and share it with others.
I start my procedure I suppose by talking constantly to my queen and her unborn kittens before they are born. I tell her what pretty babies she has and how It puts my queen in a loving mood and whether the unborn kittens can or cannot hear me, they will receive her good feelings as she contently purrs and communicates with me.
My next move of course is to do all the things one should do when newborns finally show up that is doing all the daily weights, checking to for general health, etc., but that is not the purpose here and can be researched as a different subject altogether. One other item I use is I always transfer a heating pad on low in what corner of their area until they are at least 3 weeks of age.
I start my training of the RagaMuffin kittens when they are just one day old, I start talking to them in a soft voice and simultaneously lightly stroking their heads with sanitary hands when I weigh them each morning Then, as soon as they open their eyes they are moved out of the darkness and quiet and into a cage that has two levels during the day. I prefer a two-level breeding cage, because mother can get away from the kittens on a different level, yet still be present. It gives her some freedom too. The kittens are safe with the upper-level door only open, and mother can come and go as she pleases yet kittens are safe in the lower level. We live in a large log home with a lot of glass and skylights, so the cage is situated right in the middle of the great room where they get introduced into normal daily noises. They are introduced to people, other pets, sounds and smells, TV, radio, music, etc., I even run the vacuum when they are present, so they get used to the sound.
At three weeks of age, they start to lift their little faces and follow my voice. I pick them up and talk softly to them for about a minute. Some even purr at this stage. The second event is that they get their first taste of solid food, and I use Fancy Feast wet chicken for RagaMuffin kittens every morning for the first. I mix it with distilled water into a little gruel put it on a large round plate and I will slightly warm it. I give it to them with mother there, then I put a little in their mouth for taste and put them back down to the plate. Mother helps to train them by example to the plate. A third event, at this time is to place a small box with crystal litter in their midst The little boxes that come for the 3 oz. cans of Fancy Feast are excellent for these tiny tots. Never use clumping litter when they are this young. They can ingest it and die from it hardening in their esophagus and stomachs. Just like human babies they have to test everything with their mouth. The crystals will dissolve if tasted. Pick them up and put them in the little box of litter as soon as they finished eating They are also introduced to distilled water for drinking at this time. They will eventually discover it and play in it as well. So, be prepared; I suggest you use a hard surface under the play pen rather than carpet.
This is also the time period that I usually get their first photos shots and then follow their growth with additional photos, and in case I have potential adopters, I will send them pics and post some on our website and with other organizations. It is good networking.
At four weeks of age, I transfer them to their third daytime routine. It is a large circular or rectangular play pen. Place them in it with bedding for them and their mother. Dry kitten kibble, water and play toys, especially little play mice with tails. Kittens love these, and they very quickly will bring them to you to play fetch with them as they get older. This is also the time period to play with the bird wand with them and as they grow older let the older cats play with them as well. The socialization is very good for them. You can start judging who will need a little more socialization, because they will tend to hang back. It is a good measurement.
The kittens will stay in this playpen during the day until they can climb out of it. It will not take long. They should be individually brought out and played with during the day, and loved of course,so the human bond can start taking place. Soon they will be heading out on their own investigations and eventually little paws will find your bed, and nestle up to you.
At 8, 12 and 16 weeks I give them their kitten vaccinations of modified live virus not dead virus. I do not start these injections until they are 8 weeks of age, because I want to make sure the vacs., do not interfere with their mother’s natural colostrum immunity being given them through her milk. Also, I follow the “2013 AAFP Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel Report ” as a guideline, on what I give them. I also administer my shots in the back left leg, so as not to be in danger of cancer later in the inoculation area. The loss of a back leg in case cancer does occur later in his/her life is better than cancer showing up in the nape of the neck inoculation and loss of life.
Now, after the initial 6 weeks, kittens hold their balance sufficiently, so running, jumping and playing are the primary behaviors and catnaps by all means. This is the best time to start playing with them, they love little balls, and toy mice. Teach them to play fetch by getting their full attention and pitching the mouse or ball across the room. At first, they will all run for it, and will not return it to you, because they will be much too busy batting it around and tusseling with each other over it, but the day will come when they will bring it back to you and want to play. This is the best time to play with them using the bird wand. Some of your kittens might be shy and will hang back; entice them into the fray. Before this subject is exhausted, I want to say if either you or an adopter is planning showing the kitten, you may want to get out the kitty treat, and go to work, training the kitten to prepare for showing. Watch the judges at a cat show and mimic their procedure, remember to reinforce good behavior each time with a treat. One good example is to use a cat post and teach your cat to scratch and stretch on it. Place your treat on the very top of the pole and watch how fast the cat will climb up. One of my grand champions managed to go all the way to the top, and delightedly surprised the judge.
Photos of the RagaMuffin kittens, I take constantly with my phone, and text or email it to my deposited adopters. I also make a 5 min videos periodically and email it also. I would like to be able to send these pics, and videos to all adopters on the same email. Unfortunately, I try to respect their privacy and do one adopter’s post at a time. And before my adopter’s and their kitten walk away, I get a photo of adopter(s) and that special little teddy bear of a cat to put in my album.
Now, I would like to cover putting a notebook together for your adopters and keeping a copy of the info yourself as will. As I do so, I will point out some more procedures as I move forward. The first thing I do is keep a log on the adopters that contact me and are really interested. That log is headed by the Sire and Dam names, whether this is the first or a later breeding of this couple, and the birthdate of the kittens. I take down the potential adopters’ location, names, email address, and what their lifestyle is, family, and other pet situations. I also ask why they are interested in a Ragamuffin and would they like male, female, color preference and other characteristics. If they are still interested by this point then I send them a blank New Walden contract so they can peruse info and criteria therein, and stimulate we must both follow those guidelines. I also state there are no strings attached, but I will expect a non-refundable deposit on a kitten they are really interested in holding, and the remainder of the fee at pickup or delivery.
I make it clear in my contract that they are responsible for pickup, either by themselves or with Nanny couriers, like the professional ‘Pet Jet Pals.’ I will not ship by cargo, ever. It is too dangerous for the kitten. If it is a distance. I will recommend that they can fly into the Indianapolis International airport, on a round trip ticket and meet me to pick up the kitten at a designated area there. Some adopters just want to drive here, and take their time. A couple not long ago picked-up two of my kits for Orlando Florida. I will sometimes meet adopters half way it will depend on the circumstances at the time.
So, what do I put in the notebook? First thing of course is 2 copies of the signed and dated contract, their reg., litter numbers and sheets for ACFA and CFAs, I place a copy of both parent’s Ragdoll HCM negative test from UC Davis Genetics Lab in CA. I insert scientific information on Core and non-core vaccines. I also insert the vaccinations records (kitten requirements), and it is explained in the contract what will be needed before I actually email the ACFA and CFA litter registrations for them to obtain their full cat registration.
I include in the folder a copy of the vet’s invoice that I paid for additional wellness care and spaying or neutering of the kitten. That I make clear in my contract. That way I can make sure no adopter of mine will become a backyard breeder. Additional papers include info on worming schedules. I do my every 3 months after six weeks of age with ‘Panacur’ according to the weight of the kitten. I tell the adopter’s that I do not trust commercial pet foods completely, and being that those pets are felines that occasionally like to catch mice, and insects, etc., then I am sure they will not contract any parasites. I put an inclusive sheet on all vaccinations, their dates for FDRC and rabies injections, and worming schedule that should help the adopter, and I include any invoices needed. This notebook
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will go with my kitten at 16 weeks of age when he/she goes to their Forever Home. I also should mention that when I discuss the adopter’s getting the kitten’s first rabies shot from their vet, they may also want to have the kitten ID chipped with their information during that visit.
Some minor things I include in the info is the differences in Ragamuffin coats, how often I clip nails, etc., I will also include a complete “RagaMuffin Kitten Care Guide” if they want it, or if they have little experience with cats. I will send out the care guide out as I send the contract. It will cover introduction to new people and other animals. It covers litter boxes, food, grooming tools to use, and what to and not to give to kittens all the way down to keeping sanitary conditions and kept that way with Clorox bleach, and then there is a happy healthy kitten for years to come.
As I close, I want to stress, that introducing your kitten to various situations, and people are all helpful. It has been difficult during the Covid 19 quarantine time to do that. However, patience, love, and perseverance is all it takes with any of us species here on Mother Earth. I am always sad to see them go. The thing, I love to hear from an adopter the most is, “I cannot believe how loving this kitten is.” That kind of a statement makes my day and I feel contented that I have added a little love to a fractured world.

CFA Cat Shows Are Revving Up!

author Sara Thornton DVM                           iCandy RagaMuffins

I have not been to a cat show since February 2020 due to the pandemic. While there have been a few shows scheduled more recently, I have not considered going until now since I am feeling more confident with a current vaccination status.

So, I entered cats in an upcoming show. I had to remind myself how to fill out the entry. I’ve made a list of things I need to do the week before.  I’ve kept up with nail clips and combing, but not baths.  The good news is that now that I have retired from work, I will not be in a time crunch during the week to prepare.

I already pulled out my show shelters to air them out after being stored for so long. I also washed the bedding that I put in the shelters.  Today, I hosed the shelters off and left them in the sun to dry. I took a picture to brag to my friend that I was on the ball. She replied that it looked like a tiny circus. I realized…..she’s not wrong.

tiny circus

And what better way to describe a cat show? It’s loud, with people talking, cats meowing and the speakers constantly calling numbers for cats to go to judging rings. A show is certainly flamboyant, with lots of creative cage and ring decorations. And the people…..well, let’s just say, they can be colorful too!

While patting myself on the back that I got the shelters freshened up and the laundry done…I peak out the window, only to see my barn cat Waffles back up and spray on one of the shelters. I’m thinking he is not impressed.

Water Cooler for “Cool Cats”? Yes Please

Author Patti Grow                                              RagaMuffin lover

 

Ragamuffin catSo, who says you don’t learn something new every day?  And … I “thought” I knew simply everything there is to know about cats!  Boy, was I wrong about that assumption?  ?  RagaMuffin Fudgie is my buddy, and truth be told, he teaches me something new every single day … and then some!  Recently, he had a health condition where he needed to increase his water intake.  Easy enough, right? Well … not so easy indeed for me!  What kind of fountain, what model, what make, what size – and on and on the endless list of questions began to form in my mind.  My immediate quest began for the “perfect” water fountain for my beloved friend!

 

You see, I am a firm believer that nothing happens by coincidence and that things work out just like they are supposed to.  Upon learning the diagnosis of Fudgie, I made a stop to my “go to” locally owned pet food store on my way home.  Anyway, one thing led to another during our conversation, and we started talking about the need for Fudgie to drink more water daily.  The girl who works there has a cat similar to Fudgie, and she immediately suggested and recommended that I invest in a water fountain “just for cats”?  Who knew such an item existed on our planet?  I certainly was not aware of this!  And bonus, she printed out an informational pamphlet recommending THE “purrfect” fountain for my dear sweet feline.  ?

 

And so, of course, I couldn’t wait to arrive home to place the order for a fountain for him.  After all, as pet owners, we always strive to do our absolute best for our furry family.  So, a few clicks of the mouse later, the order was placed for not only the fountain but also the matching waterproof mat and the fountain cleaning kit.  Oh, and wait – I also added an interactive water fountain censor to the shopping cart – just for fun!  This sensor was designed to making drinking water an interactive game by increasing his curiosity in an effort to increase hydration in felines.

 

Well, a few days later, the parcel post service arrived with Fudgie’s fountain!  And amazingly, it wasRagaMuffin the best investment I have ever made! Not only does Fudgie absolutely love his new fountain, this RagaMuffin now guards the fountain and wants it all for himself!  Well, on occasion, he will begrudgingly allow his sissy cat a few drinks at the fountain.  ? Honestly, I am “furever” thankful that I made the choice to purchase a drinking fountain for him.

 

It reminds me of when I used to work and I often heard the phrase “hanging around the water cooler” at a workplace as a meeting place to converse.  Apparently, this also applies to cats, since they too seem to be of the notion that felines also prefer to hang out around the water cooler/fountain!  I may be quite biased, but Fudgie does certainly rock the image of the “coolest” cat!  <3

 

 

A New Sleeping Aid

author Robert Hamera                             Slice of Life

Are you a restless sleeper? Do you find yourself taking up more than just your half of the bed? Do you have restless legs? If you answered “yes” to any of these questions may I offer you a remedy that I found that really works.

I am all over the bed when I sleep. I can never get up in the morning and just smooth the covers back into place.

All that changed when I got my first sleeping aid. I admit that I was a bit reluctant to try it, but after seeing how it works I wouldn’t be without one. Although to my way of thinking it could use a few modifications.

I am talking about a Calming Appendage Thingamabob (I know, real scientific sounding). This device, commonly called a C.A.T. has several unique features.

First of all it is fully automated. You do not place the C.A.T. where you want it. It finds its own ideal spot. This may take several minutes since the C.A.T. roams around the bed until it finds the spot it desires. Once the C.A.T picks its spot and settles there is no moving it. Mine usually picks a spot at the back of my legs, moves right up to them, and then parks itself for the night. When in this position I know that my legs will not travel beyond that point during the night. The C.A.T. just won’t allow it.

The amazing thing about the C.A.T. is that it seems to know not all nights are going to be bad. On those nights the C.A.T repositions itself at the small of my back. This still is effective in keeping me on my side of the bed.

I did mention that I would like to see a modification made to this device. There is a problem with its heat control. It is not adjustable. It is always turned to high. This is fine during the winter months when a little extra warmth is welcome, but come summer it gets a bit overbearing. As I said, there is no way to adjust the temperature control.

I should mention that the C.A.T. comes in many styles and colors. I opted for a smoky gray. Since I like to name things I call this particular C.A.T. Molly.

Some nights are really bad for me and Molly is not enough to keep me in place. On those nights I need a second C.A.T. so I have another one I call Ned. Ned has been known to position himself next to Molly and the additional weight definitely keeps me from sprawling out. Other times Ned will pick a spot on the other side of my legs. With a C.A.T. on both sides of me I know I am not moving at all during the night.

So, if you have trouble staying on your side of the bed I suggest you look into getting a C.A.T of your own. You would not be sorry. I also hear that the company produces a Detached Overnight Gadget (again, very technical sounding) commonly referred to as a D.O.G. I do not have one of these so I can’t speak to how well they work. If you happen to have one please leave a comment as to its effectiveness.

Tips Tricks and Feline Foibles

Love RagaMuffins!

RagaMuffin in the middle

 

 

author Jean Gall                                       RagaMuffin lover

 

My beautiful RagaMuffin Necco Wafer was born on my husbands death date and Necco Wafers were his favorite candy. Necco is a sweet boy purchased from Sara of iCandy shortly after I adopted 2 Birman brothers. My boys all get along great playing, wrestling and chasing each other. They sleep with me and I’ve been teaching Necco to come when I call him. I love them all and wouldn’t give them up for the world. They certainly keep me laughing. Thanks, Sara

Feline Terminology

author Sara Thornton DVM                                    iCandy RagaMuffin

 

Did you know that a group of cats is called a clowder? Another name for it is a glaring. Like other animals, specific terminology is used when referring to kitties.

Most people know that a juvenile cat is called a kitten. An old term for a kitten is catling!  A litter of kittens may be called a kindle.

A female breeding cat is referred to as a queen. Rarely used, but accurate is the term Molly for a spayed female.

A male cat is called a Tom or tomcat. A neutered male may be correctly described as a gib, but that term is hardly ever used. I do see the term king used to describe a male on the Internet, but it is not an accurate term for a male cat.

The terms sire and dam may be used in a pedigree for father and mother, respectively.

Not My Post

author Robert Hamera                                    Slice of Life

Asked! Ha. Do you call withholding one’s food (It is my snack between breakfast and lunch. Very important meal.) until he writes something asking? I call it inhumane treatment of animals. Someone should report this guy.

It is a good thing that I am so easy going and harbor no resentment. (Just wait until he’s trying to sleep tonight.) Well, at least he has the computer set up for me.

I guess I had better sit down and get started.

Where should I begin to tell the story of how great a love can be? Sorry, my mind wandered for a moment. Well, the other day I walked into the living room when I noticed a spot on the rug? No matter what you think, I didn’t leave it. What was it? I know it wasn’t there five minutes ago when I passed this exact spot on my way out to the litter box. Oops. TMI. Anyway, I went to investigate. I was all set to pounce on it when suddenly it moved to a different spot. What’s going on?

Then it totally disappeared. I must have scared it. That will show that spot who rules this house.

These people I live with can be real slobs. They just leave things on the floor. I could easily trip over them or even crawl into them.

Around noon the mail came. I was expecting my copy of Fluffy’s Felines (don’t tell this guy that I subscribe). I wanted to go through the mail before he had a chance to just in case it was there. It wasn’t.

After I checked the mail it was time for my exercise routine. Staying in shape and looking this good requires some effort. Somehow a stupid ball got trapped in this contraption and I can’t seem to get it out. That thing beside it is not the trapped ball just in case you were wondering.

This exercising makes me hungry so I thought I would put something on the stove to warm. Just want to take the chill off of it. I hate waiting for food to warm.

I don’t like to talk about my ailments, but once I had an eye infection and needed to go to the doctor. The nerve of her. She gave me some drops, which weren’t bad, but then she had one of her staff put this thing around my head to keep me from scratching it. Oh the shame of it all.

Sometimes this guy I live with thinks he is being cute. He dangles something in front of me. At first glance I think it is some kind of food. After all, shouldn’t it be? When I go to investigate he pulls it away and makes me jump to see what it is, It is not food. He laughs. He thinks it’s funny. I don’t. More cruel treatment of animals if you ask me.

Did I mention that I live with two other housemates besides this guy and his wife? Well, I do. Most of the time I can tolerate them. I just show them who is boss. Occasionally they become a bit annoying and I need to find a place just to get away. This works well for me. It is up and out of the way.

Well, I think that is all I want to say for now. I hope he is happy. I am exhausted. I think I will go take a nap. No one had better disturb me.

RagaMuffins Provide Entertainment

author Lucile Gordon Press                                         aka The RagaMuffin Mom.
In the best of times and the worst of times we are all blessed to have our RagaMuffins to keep us company and, in many cases, entertain us. I am no exception.

Just when I think, “oh Lord just get me through another day of “Covid Captivity”… Tavi, who knows no boundaries, leaps from my husbands’ dresser onto the bed with glee and lets me know, “it’s time for breakfast Mom”. I ask myself, how does an eleven pound cat turns into a 25 pound cat in the blink of an eye? Whereas, Levi is very subtle, he stands next to the bed and pitifully “chirps” then flops down heavily on the carpet as if he’s fainted from hunger. With these theatrics in the morning put on for my benefit, how can I resist?

I stumble into the bathroom with my “supervisors” trailing behind me and they wait until I’ve completed my ablutions and cleaned out their cat boxes. They seem to think if they allow me some privacy I may not survive the flushing toilet! As soon as they hear the mighty flush they dash down the hall to leap up on the kitchen island and wait for me to begin breakfast preparations. They both look pleased with themselves and give me the “look” as if to say, “so what took you so long?” When breakfast is served, Tavi decides he wasn’t all that hungry after all and will leap off the kitchen island to take a stroll over to Levis’ bowl to see if he got something better. Levi, being the gentleman he is, just lets him do it!

Now it’s time to make the bed. Needless-to-say, both of them think I need help doing this minor task too. Comforter fluffing is especially fun … as soon as I lift it two furry bodies dash under the covers and want to play some games known only to cats. I’ll pull the covers up and there are two mysterious ‘humps’ in the middle of the bed. Eventually they’ll slide out and a short time later I’ll find them napping.

I pad out of the bedroom and try to sneak into the shower. Some secret signal alerts the nappers and they troop in to watch the shower process. When I turn off the water and open the shower door RagaMuffin Tavi likes to get into the shower and hop up on the shower chair my late husband used to use and wait for the toweling process to finish. The hair dryer is a bit scary so they wait just outside the bathroom until it’s turned off and safely stored away before accompanying me to the walk-in closet to get my clothes for the day. Inevitably someone gets left in the closet and moment later I’ll hear a pitiful wail … honest-to-Pete, I think to myself, you’d think with all this daily supervision they know when I turn off the closet light I’m leaving and going to close the door so how is it one of them is always getting left behind???
Now it’s time to “help” me choose fabric for my next quilt. One will lie on my ruler and the other one will lie down on any fabric I’ve put onto the cutting table to hold it in place for me. Next is the race to see who gets to sit on my sewing chair. I’ve actually put two chairs at my sewing table so I can sit down to sew and the “boys” will supervise while sitting in the chair next to me. Have to iron those seams … they are not allowed on the ironing table for obvious reasons but they’ll opt to stand next to me while I iron my fabric. Tavi likes to tip the trash can over so he can see if there are any scraps he might like to use for his own RagaMuffin collection! Needless to say, I find these scraps all over my home in the most unlikely places. We’ll work in the sewing room for a couple of hours, well I work, and they take intermittent naps.
Each day is different and I find myself looking forward to what they’ll “teach” me next … after all I’m still in training at the “Catch a Mouse School”. Until next time … stay well.

Show Bath for RagaMuffins

 

RagaMuffin kitten

author Sara Thornton DVM                           iCandy RagaMuffins

When a person decides to show their RagaMuffin cat, learning how to properly bathe that cat is essential. Hopefully, a kitten has had practice baths and blow dries at the breeder when young. I always make sure my iCandy kittens get at least a couple of baths prior to going to their forever homes. It’s good practice for Ragamuffin kittens to get used to gentle handling. The babies generally object to the dryer much more than the actual bath, so to make it easier, I towel dry well and lightly dry from a distance, especially the first time.

To get a RagaMuffin kitty ready to show, start well ahead of time. Regular combing with a quality comb such as a Chris Christensen Buttercomb to keep the coat in good condition is a must, along with regular nail clips. Fortunately, most RagaMuffins have easy care coats that rarely mat. There is Persian in the RagaMuffin background and occasionally, there will be a muffin that needs more intensive grooming to keep their coats in condition.

The day before a show is the time for a show bath. I bathe my cats in the kitchen sink. I start by gathering up my RagaMuffin kitty and giving a bit of yummy treat. I put him/her in the sink with no water in it. The first step is degreasing. Depending on the degreaser used, you may need to wet the cat down first or not. I do not have a favorite product. One cat may do well with one product, while another may do better with a different one. Cats’ coats change depending on the season, you may need to use different products if you find that  the coat is not looking up to your expectations.  I generally use one degreaser, rinse well, then use a second one. There are a number of products in my arsenal, which includes, but is not limited to, Groomer’s Goop, Davis degreaser, Jerob degreaser, Filthy Animal, Dawn Dishwashing detergent.  After the second degreaser, I rinse my wet RagaMuffin well again.

The next step is using a coloring shampoo is desired. If I have a RagaMuffin cat with a lot of white, I like to use a whitening shampoo on the white areas to really brighten them up. Chris Christensen produces a number of coloring shampoos. Using the black shampoo on black cats seems to increase the depth of color. Following the directions on whatever shampoo used is important for best results. Again, rinse well.

The last shampoo I use is a clarifying shampoo to get rid of any residue. People have their favorites. Some use human products, others use products made for animals. The important step again is rinsing thoroughly.

The last step is the vinegar rinse. I use a clean empty detergent bottle and fill it about ¼ way up with vinegar and the rest of the way with warm water. I tell my RagaMuffin it is salad time and I pour the mixture all over the kitty’s body. Some people fill the sink with water and add vinegar to it and “float” the cat’s coat in it. I have found my cats are not happy with that process, so I don’t do it. After the vinegar rinse, yet another complete rinse finishes out the process.

A couple of places to be sure are not missed during the procedure are around the ears, as that tend to be a very greasy area and the tail, especially in unneutered males as stud tail can be a difficult problem.

After the final rinse, squeeze excess water out of the RagaMuffin’s coat while still in the sink. Then wrap the kitty in a fluffy dry towel to absorb excess moisture. The last step is the blow dry. Having a forced air dryer for animals is very helpful. Our  personal hair dryers take a long time and get too hot. The first time I went to a show, it took me three hours to blow dry my RagaMuffin kitten. I then bought a forced air dryer. I have gone through a number of different brands. My latest one is the Flying Pig. I can dial the force of the air up or down while drying and it has a warm temperature setting that I can use or turn off. I also like my Chris Christensen dryer, but the model I have does not allow for warm air. It warms up as it is used, but starts out cold.

After drying, a nice comb ou,t adding a bit of an antistatic product if needed, and, voila, there is your beautiful show RagaMuffin.